From Cuming to Cumingii…

As part of the fiftieth anniversary of the cultured pearl of Tahiti, in 2011, I had the honor to participate in the development of the book “History of the cultured pearl of Tahiti” founded by “La Maison de la Perle” and directed by my friend Patrick Seurot. 2 years of research were necessary and unpublished archives were presented inside.

This week I am inspired by a chapter on the relationship between the “Prince of shell collection”, “M. Hugh Cuming and the” mother “of the cultured pearl of Tahiti, Pinctada margaritifera variety cumingii.

All starts with a passion …

Mr. Hugh Cuming was born on February 14, 1791 at Washbrook in South Devon, son of a family of three. Child, he met Colonel Georges  Montagu,  renowned  naturalist, once this contact Hugh Cuming starts to get excited for crust aceans.

With his parents, he learned the manufacture of sails and opened a business in South America in 1819. The benefits of this business will enable him to live comfortably throughout his life and devote himself to his passion: shellfish.

“The prince of shell collections”

In 1826, He gets built a ship, the Discoverer, as to collect specimens of fauna and flora and leave on 28th of October 1827. This expedition leads him in Polynesia,  where he discovers our pearl oyster, Pinctada Margaritifera. In a letter addressed to his friend, Sir William Jackson Hooker, he describes the details of the trip and says he will bring back to London “27000″ natural pearls from Tahiti. In this 5 pages letter of 21 March 1832, he described his itinerary and meetings with the Polynesians.

He keeps also a diary, which reads in part :

The Discoverer reached South Marutea for the second time on 25th January : The Meleagrina or Pearl Oyster here attains a great size the shell of an extraordinary thickness and highly usefull to the Manufacturer of Fancy goods. During my stay the Natives collected upwards of Forty Tons fit  for  Market,  out  of  them  I  had  taken  above  Twenty  Seven  Thousands  Pearls,  the  whole weighing Thirty two Ounces.”

(Marutea atoll)

In 1828, he claims the identity of the variety of pintadines producing these pearls.

In 1840, after 13 years dedicated to his passion, he will record more than 3000 marine and land mollusks or freshwater macrophyte. Those expeditions earned him the nickname, in the scientific community of the time, of “Prince of shell collections.”

“The Queen of pearl oysters”

Where does, the name of the black lipped oyster producing the rainbow colors pearls, come from?

According  to  Dr. Henk  K.  Mienis, University  of Jerusalem (SPC  No. 81995):  “The  origin  of Pinctada is neither Greek nor Latin; rather, it is a corruption of the French “Pintade (Guinea Fowl)“, itself derived from the Portuguese “Pintada” which means “spotted” or “stained”. ” Indeed, considering the appearance of the shell, the name previously used “Méléagrine” already specified the “guinea fowl” in Greek. Thus, it is in 1842 that the name ‘Pintadine “appeared and was Latinized by Dr Röding as the” Pinctada “.

These   “Pinctada”   producing   pearls   were   naturally   associated   with   the   Latin   word

margaritifera” which appeared in the 1st century AD by Plinus, meaning. “Which produces pearls”

Although there are twenty species of Pinctada Margaritifera in the Indo-Pacific region, but this variety secreting multiple colors, was endemic to Polynesian lagoons.

Posterity to let Mr. Hugh Cuming a name, as recognition: cumingii variety

Thus,   the   pearl   oyster   producing   cultured   pearls   of   Tahiti,   is   full   name:   Pinctada margaritifera variety cumingii … Thanks to the “Prince Cuming” !

Pearly yours !

Jeanne Lecourt

5 simple easy activities that can grow current ecommerce marketplace sales by 15%

  1. List all the product styles and sizes: Discounts! Discounts! Discounts! That’s what sells on Indian ecommerce! It’s the simple 80/20 rule. 80% of sales will come from the 3-4 SKUS on high discounts and only 20% of sales come from the rest of the SKUs. Then why list all the items of your catalogue? Consumers still want choices to make the purchase decision. Its like a shopkeeper keeping only 3 dresses on high discount and telling you to choose one from them. Would you buy? One would want to go through multiple choices and decide which one. The value conscious consumer may still subconsciously make a purchase decision of the high discounted product.
  1. Keep it Stupid Simple: Pretty images, simple size guides and easy benefits. Consumers see images, read details and want to understand why should they buy you over the others. Answer this simple question and see your sales increase.
  1. Creative packaging: Consumers don’t only buy product but the entire experience around the purchase. Creating a particular ambience and experience is possible in a physical store set up, translating part of the brand experience on a virtual platform is a challenge and requires a lot of creative skills to accomplish. Marketplaces spend energies in making the buying process simple. Hence as a seller, apart from selling the product one could do simple things like attractive packaging and showing these images online.
  1. Introduce products addressing purchase triggers
  1. Incentivize the consumer to buy again: Customer acquisition costs are very high. Not only for marketplaces, but also for sellers selling on marketplaces. Marketplaces directly pay digital advertising monies to acquire consumers. Sellers spend time, effort and even monies for visibility on these marketplaces. So how do we incentivize consumers to buy again? Simple hacks like sending discount codes on leaflets with each purchase or freebies with the next purchase.

DIAMOND

Indian Diamond Industry is coming to terms with the recent bank default case reported. However in terms of price reaction there is no such indication, that the reason diamond prices are on the rise is because of expects a strong global economy in 2018 and diamond demand is highly correlated to economic growth.

Rather, Diamond trade on ICEX reflects overall positive trend for the industry. Since the launch of the diamond futures contract ICEX, average daily turnover and volume of delivery has been rising consistently. The exchange has successfully completed five settlements cycle witnessing consistent increase in turnover and healthy physical delivery upon contract settlement.

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Indian (domestic) prospect from last 2 months we seen sharp decline in rupee against dollar i.e 2.25% this impact Indian diamond pricing also along with local demand that boost diamond price approx 5% in last 2 months on ICEX platform

International Factors:

The U.S. and China are the biggest consumers for diamonds in the world — with half the global demand coming from the U.S. and about 20 per cent coming from China. Economic growth in these two countries is what will really move the diamond industry forward.

“We expect the U.S. and the Chinese economies to grow at a rate that will translate into increased demand for diamonds.

For next quarter we are expecting diamond future will be in side way to upward move, the range will be from Rs 3290 – 3385 per cent in ICEX

courtesy: Mr. Rahul Kalantri, Mehta Commodities Pvt. Ltd.

SILVER OUTLOOK

We are expecting to see volatility in silver prices throughout 2018; the market has plenty of room to move higher due to growing demand and shrinking supply. Investors have started betting big on silver amid hopes of a sharp upswing in its prices in calendar year 2018 (CY18).

silver-outlook

Despite immense potential for an increase, following the improvement in industrial commodities’ prices, silver remained an under-performer in recent time. Last week Silver gives handsome jump from 38200 to 40500 on the occasion of Akshay Tritiya & some geo-political tension. Presently Silver is trading on 39500 we are expecting some more pressure till 38400-37900 because of sell off in base metals & strong expectation to raise US Fed interest rate & trade war between US-China but this are the good level to purchase it & we are expecting till July-Aug 2018 it will give investors yielded returns of up to 10-15% i.e. around 40650 & 42400.

The International Silver has very strong support at $ 15.90 while resistance at $ 17.40 & $ 18.20.

Typically, silver tends to outperform gold at the current state of the business cycle, as it is more strongly leveraged to global growth, given its significant industry use.

courtesy: Mr. Rahul Kalantri, Mehta Commodities Pvt. Ltd.

Additional FAQ on E-way bills

Question 1: A person has been shifting his households from one state to another. Whether EWB is required to be generated?
Solution 1: Used personal & household effects have been specifically covered in the annexure to rule 138 in respect of which EWB is not required to be generated. Therefore no EWB is required.

Question 2: A person purchased a new I phone 10 worth Rs. 80.000/- and carrying with him on motorized vehicle. Whether EWB required?
Solution 2: Yes, if the movement is caused by a registered person otherwise NOT.

Question 3: Whether EWB is required to be generated in case of movement of jewellery?
Solution 3: Jewellery is covered under list of exempted categories of goods in annexure to the rule 138. Hence no EWB required, however jewellery is taxable under GST.

Question 4 : is EWB required for movement of tools to customers place?
Solution 4: Yes, there is no exemption for movement of goods to customer place.

Question 5: An outdoor catering company is transporting utensils and other accessories for catering outside the kitchen, interstate or intra state. Is EWB required and what documents required?
Solution 5: This movement will be said by him for himself use. Although there is no supply still EWB required because there is movement of goods. Such EWB will be generated against delivery challan by providing “outward” movement and “for own use” under the reason for transportation.

Question 6: Whether it is required to generate EWB in case of movement of empty containers?
Solution 6: Exemption has been granted by way of N/N 12/2018 which provides that a registered person is not required to generate an EWB where the empty cargo containers are being transported. This exemption may be applicable in case of transportation of empty bins and containers which are returned to the original supplier by customer.

Question 7: In Export transaction to Nepal- requirement of EWB till destination or till the port/custom clearance?
Solution 7: There is NO need to generate EWB in case of goods being transported are transit cargo from or to Nepal. In other cases also, there is no need to generate EWB where goods are being transported under custom bond from ICD to port or under custom supervision only till clearance where customs examination is done.

Question 8: In case of High seas sale transaction- whether EWB is required?
Solution 8: EWB is required for movement of goods within the country. But in high seas sales there is no such movement take place therefore NO need to generate EWB. Although if goods is required to move from port to buyers place then EWB required.

Question 9: From custom port to warehouse – whether EWB is required? If yes, on what basis?Solution 9: EWB is required to generate for every movement of goods. In this case EWB can be generated against “ Bill of entry” as “ Inward supply” from “ Unregistered person” and place of supplier shall be selected as “ other countries”.

Question 10: In case of import of goods or goods cleared from SEZ by raising bill of entry, whether customs duty must also be considered for the purpose of determining the limit of Rs 50,000/-.
Solution 10: Section 15 of CGST Act, 2017 is very clear about value of goods which includes all taxes , therefore custom duty has to be included for the purpose of computation of limit of Rs 50,000/- for generating EWB.

Of stones and soothsayers

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‘Lucky’ stones, good-luck talismans, crystal therapy all have one thing in common — they help us feel better about ourselves. But there is little proof of their real ‘powers’

The patient sitting in front of me wants a consultation for what he considers is a big problem. He has, I must admit, a series of non-connected and diverse symptoms. I know from experience that these are usually related to stress. I notice that that he wears a blue diamond on his middle finger and the stone touches the skin, the type prescribed by astrologers for luck. I also notice as he takes off his shirt that he has several talismans around his neck, also to bring good fortune. As we finish the consultation, I explain that his symptoms are stress-related, prescribe a drug to reduce anxiety and promote sleep, and recommend a few tests. He is back four days later feeling much better, but strangely, he attributes this to the talismans and the stone on his finger. I smile and let it pass, the point is that he is well, and this makes me feel victorious.

I begin to wonder what these socalled good-luck stones and talismans mean to humans. Can they actually change your future? Can they improve your health? I think back to my own life as a student, when my mother sent me to my school exams with a talisman packed in a handkerchief, with the explicit instruction that if I encountered a thought block, I was to hold the taweez in my right hand. Strangely, in the few instances when this happened, I did hold the talisman and was able to gather my thoughts. And so, year after year, I appeared for school and college exams with the talisman near, and did rather well. When I went to college, my closest friend was the scion of a top industrial family. He spent many hours with me, and we were in and out of each other’s homes. When I discussed the value of the talisman for exams with him, he offered a sensible explanation: these were all ways to boost your confidence and bring out the best in you, and if you understood that, you wouldn’t need them in the first place, he said. True to form, he never prayed or carried a goodluck charm to the exams, and was so brilliant that he was always at the top of the class. Unfortunately, he died early.

Crystal healing is another facet that is becoming increasingly popular, and internet searches for crystal healing seem to have doubled in the last five years. Celebrities like Adele and Kate Hudson are said to be huge believers in the power of crystal therapy, and the former is even said to use crystals to ward off stage fright. Sessions of flowerhealing therapy and Reiki are also increasingly popular in the West, and an hour-long Reiki session can cost between $100 and $175.

A study by Christopher French in 2001 at the University of London is enlightening. He gave some subjects real crystals and some subjects fake crystals, and told them they would experience heightened energy and concentration. All seemed to respond equally, including those with fake crystals, thus proving the power of suggestion, or a form of placebo therapy. Another common item I see on patients’ wrists are magnetic bracelets being touted as remedies for diseases ranging from blood pressure to arthritis. Scientific studies done in 2013 found no difference in patients wearing various bracelets, whether a magnetic bracelet, a copper one or an ordinary bracelet over five weeks.

Is there any real evidence supporting the claims made in favour of all these ‘therapies’. There seems to be no scientific evidence, but do make the patient feel better? In actuality, an article about placebo studies at Harvard by Ted Kaptchuk tells us that the power of suggestion activates specific areas of the brain that can trigger the release of endorphins –natural pain suppressors, or ‘feel-good’ hormones.

So where do we go from here? Those of us strong enough to face adverse situations in life and weigh them with our intellects are admirable.

The rest of us may reach for our ‘lucky’ talismans, whether a diamond ring or a crystal, if only to help us feel better about ourselves.

courtesy: Dr. Altaf Patel, Mumbai Mirror, dated 20.04.2018

ASTRO STONE OF THE MONTH – DECEMBER

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Turquoise, Zircon & Tanzanite: The Power of Three

People born in the last month of the year are ruled by Jupiter – the planet of knowledge. Consequently, they love to share their wisdom, are extremely helpful, honest, energetic, determined, organized and born managers.

And helping them along are their triumvirate of birthstones namely, Turquoise, Zircon and Tanzanite – three of the most significant and spectacular birthstones.  

About the Gemstones:

Turquoise: This blue-green gemstone was known as a symbol of wealth and prosperity in many cultures and was often used in talismans and amulets in ancient times. The stone is also associated with qualities like strength, sensitivity, connection to the spiritual realm and protection against evil, and is said to be a symbol of friendship, peace and good fortune.

Zircon: It’s considered to be the symbol of purity, chastity, integrity and dignity with the power to protect against all kinds of evil, illness and negative energy. The stone is also believed to possess healing properties and is used to improve digestion, ensure restful sleep and tranquility.

Tanzanite: Though a relatively new discovery, Tanzanite has enjoyed its time in the limelight courtesy the 1997 Hollywood blockbuster movie, The Titanic, starring Leonardo Di Caprio and Kate Winslet, featured a prominent heart shaped tanzanite pendant necklace surrounded by diamonds and christened – The Heart Of The Ocean.

Mystical Powers:

Some civilisations believed Tanzanite gave its wearer a special pathway to the spiritual realm, others said that it activates the heart chakras and offers visions to the future. Others believe this gemstone can compel the wearer to speak the truth to save his honour and integrity.

Tanzanite is associated with creativity and is also used to repel lethargy, depression and anger allowing its wearer to attain excellence and pursue his passions. The stone is also believed to strengthen the immune system, heart, pancreas, chest, throat and spleen and stimulate fertility.

Native Americans have long since revered the turquoise as a sacred gemstone. It was often placed in the tombs of their leaders to ensure a smooth passage to the heavens and to guard the dead.

It is also believed to cure acidity, alleviate gout, stomach ailments, rheumatism and viral infections. Said to contain anti-inflammatory properties, turquoise was also used to relax cramps and bring peace and happiness to the wearer.

Jewish legends believe Zircon was the name of the angel sent to earth to guard Adam and Eve. The stone has since been associated with qualities like loyalty, honour, purity and chastity.

Zircon is also said to be useful to reduce the pain of childbirth, improve appetite, bestow strength and confidence on the wearer, enhance mental faculties and encourage the wearer to follow his dreams. The stone is also said to improve creativity and foster feelings of love, loyalty and commitment.

Famous Personalities born in DECEMBER:

Actor Salman Khan. Dec 27. 1965.

Actor. Rajnikanth. Dec 12. 1950.

Actor. John Abraham. Dec 17. 1972.

King George VI of England. Dec 14. 1895.

Scientist Srinivasa Ramanujan. Dec 22. 1887.

Actor Anil Kapoor. Dec 24. 1959.

Politician Sonia Gandhi. Dec 09. 1946,

(Disclaimer: The information provided here is purely for entertainment and reference purposes only.)

 

ASTRO STONE OF THE MONTH – NOVEMBER

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CITRINE & TOPAZ: For Healing and Prosperity

People born in the cool climes of November are blessed with two ruling Birthstones, the spectacular Topaz and the gentle, golden-hued Citrine. November-born can be defined as wonderfully creative, attractive and highly emotional people.

They like to play fair, have little tolerance for nonsense, are extremely loyal and work is a top priority for them. However while their actions may be clean and honest they are also notoriously private and are very prone to be misunderstood.

About the Gemstones:

Known for its ability to exhibit a spectacular array of colours, Topaz with its golden glow and shine is said to represent Ra, the Egyptian Sun God. Highly revered by the ancient Egyptians, this gemstone was used in the making of amulets and talismans worn usually by noblemen and kin of royalty.

It was also believed to control heat, and was said to possess the power to cool boiling water – thought to be as metaphor for its ability to calm the rage in its wearer and giving him clarity of thought in difficult situations.

The ancient Romans are also believed to associate Topaz with the power of the Sun God and Jupiter, the largest planet in our solar system.

Contrary to the fire and passion associated with the Topaz, the Citrine is a lot more gentle in its quality and disposition. As a Healing Quartz, it is said to signify peace, prosperity, healing, creativity and loyalty in man.

Mystical Powers:

While the topaz is said to signify strength, tenacity, dedication and resilience, it is also said to have the power to balance emotions and thoughts. The topaz is also believed to cure blood disorders, insomnia, gout, tuberculosis and control anger bouts arising out of insanity.

Often used to enhance spirituality, topaz is also prized for its ability to promote wisdom and bestow clear thought upon its wearer. For these very reasons, it was often used in the making of crowns and jewellery worn by rulers, kings and members of royalty.

The golden-hued Citrine is a healing stone by definition with the power to focus mental clarity, cure ailments related to the heart, kidney and liver and stimulate the memory.

Often found in colours ranging from light yellow to deep orange these gemstones are believed to bless their wearer with hope, strength, energy, vitality, success and good fortune.

Famous Personalities born in NOVEMBER:

  • Actor Shahrukh Khan. Nov 02. 1965.
  • Actor Aishwarya Rai. Nov 01. 1973.
  • Former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. Nov 19. 1917.
  • Former Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. Nov 14. 1889.
  • Actor Kamal Haasan. Nov 07. 1954.
  • Actor Anushka Shetty. Nov 07. 1981.
  • Cricketer Virat Kohli. Nov 05. 1988.
  • Actor & Model Yami Gautam. Nov 24. 1983.

(Disclaimer: The information provided here is purely for entertainment and reference purposes only.)

Sustenance and Growth of Consumer Demand Starts with Understanding the Consumer.

 

Today’s women powerful insights brought forth by the Report:
Today’s Women Powerful transformations observed in the Diamond and Jewellery industry.

Key Trends that Have Driven Women’s Social Economic Empowerment and Possibilities in the Diamond Sector.

In order to sustain and grow consumer demand, one must first understand the consumer, and, the consumer, in this case, has arguably never gone through the kind of transformation she has recently. The De Beers Diamond Insight Report 2017 sums up beautifully for the diamonds and jewellery industry, the key transformations observed in women, of recent.

Some powerful insights about today’s women brought forth by the Report:

Significant relationships are now much more about the growth of the two equal individuals, as much as they are about the growth of the partnership itself.

  • As marriage generally comes later in life, and as it is seen as a union between two equal individuals, women are receiving diamonds for multiple occasions both before and after marriage.
  • There has been a higher degree of self-purchase than before because of increasing spending power at the hands of women, who are very successful and independent today.
  • Even when women are not buying for themselves, their influence on purchase decisions remains.
  • Women now perceive themselves with a sense of strength and empowerment.
  • Besides love and commitment, which remain universal and powerful emotions symbolised by diamonds, emotions such as joy, optimism, pride and confidence are important today.
  • While traditional diamond selling occasions – such as engagements and anniversaries – remain very important, successful diamond marketing will increasingly need to reflect a range of significant moments in one’s life. This may include a new job, memories of a happy holiday or ‘just because’, and should be connected to the experiential element of lives and relationships.
  • Most commonly, self-purchase results from a spontaneous decision rather than being motivated by a specific occasion.
  • Gifting within the family – particularly by older to younger members – is an important part of the global diamond jewellery sector.
  • Success is increasingly defined by the acquisition of knowledge and ideas – not material goods.
  • 76% of women say that brands do not currently represent them.

Reasons people decided not to buy can be converted into opportunity:

Some insights here are: Not being gifted; Failing to find appealing designs; Not experiencing an appropriate event to acquire; No opportunities to wear diamonds

Some Takeaways for Retailers, Advertisers and Marketers, based on the De Beers Diamond Insight Report 2017:

  • The female self-purchase category presents a great opportunity. Products should be positioned well. Self-purchasers are mainly married women, most over the age of 35, with medium to high level of income. Since impulse buying is high in the category, design is an important element to capture this category. The retail store experience is also important.
  • Advertisers / Retailers should create a connect with a larger number of “life moments”. Increasingly, both gifts and self-purchase are driven by life moments. These could be: Overcome difficult time at work, New job; Memory of trip; Valentine’s day; Thank you; Coming of age; First job; I can afford it now; Big birthday; Anniversary; Birth of child; Graduation; Promotion; Early commitment; Pregnancy; Inheritance purchase, etc.
  • Encourage women to have greater confidence to celebrate all the key occasions in their lives – not just those connected to their relationship. Help women embrace the possibilities, not the responsibilities, of being a woman.
  • Use strong role women models in advertising.
  • Provide younger consumers with more of an interactive buying experience, as well as a narrative they can share with friends. This will bring further opportunities.
  • Most of all, to connect with women of today, one must connect with their new identity symbols: Uniqueness:  Being different, creative and original; More self-directed; Perceiving themselves as having more substance.

The efforts of the DPA and other bodies towards generic marketing have been commendable, and spot-on in appealing to Millennials. All retailers and other segments of the value chain need to do is take lead from this. Create contemporary designs, use technological advancements to advance manufacturing capabilities, strike conversations with consumers in places they are hanging out, and most of all – Appeal to the new sensibilities of the socially evolved and powerful woman of today.

As corroborated by the De Beers Diamond Insight Report 2017, 2016 has not been a bad year at all. Consumer demand for diamond jewellery saw marginal growth, driven by strong performance in the US, where demand exceeded US$40 billion for the first time. The fact that rough diamond demand also increased in 2016, shows that the mining sector did, in fact, jump in to take enough action after the events of 2015, where manufacturers could not afford the rough prices and all but stopped buying and stocking. Let’s never forget that every part of the pipeline must realise that it cannot survive without all other parts thriving. Beyond the all-important exercise to appeal to the customer, let’s not also forget to look to establish more sustainable models for the mid-pipe.

(Source): http://www.debeersgroup.com/en/reports/insight/insight-reports/insight-report-2017/foreword.html

 

ASTRO STONE OF THE MONTH – OCTOBER

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Opal & Tourmaline: Dual Symbols Of Hope And Peace

People born in the month of October come under the purview of the zodiac sign of Libra. Librans can be characterized by their balanced approach, brilliant skills of diplomacy, superior intellect and very logical mind. They are therefore very gifted when it comes to analyzing tough situations and coming up with apt solutions.

Opal and Tourmaline are the birthstones for people born in this month. Both these dual coloured gemstones are known for their vivid display of colours and beauty and are highly prized across the world for their spectacular radiance, unique colour combinations and crystal structures.

About the Gemstones:

The ancient Roman civilisation was known to prize opals greatly as a symbol of hope and wish fulfillment, and it was christened as the ‘Anchor of Hope’, by the people of the Orient. Legends tell the tale of Queen Cleopatra’s ploy to wear a magnificent set of opals to attract the attention of Mark Anthony, the ruler of Rome.

Queen Victoria, a great believer in the power of gemstones was also said to wear them in her crown, to protect herself and her regime from enemies and all kinds of evil. Interestingly, the Russians believed Opals to be evil and never allowed them to be used in jewellery of any kind.

Unlike Opals, Tourmalines are a fairly recent discovery and per se don’t have any such legends attached to them. However this gemstone has quite a reputation as a – Stone of Peace – and is supposed to repel all kinds of negative emotions like jealousy, anger, fear and aggression, thereby ensuring that the wearer remains calm and balanced in all situations.

Mystical Powers:

According to some legends, Opal fell to the Earth, when lightning struck it and they had the power to make the wearer invisible to others. Not surprisingly, Opals began to be highly sought-after by pirates, spies and thieves.

On the positive side, its unique ability to change colour was believed to indicate the health and mental state of the wearer. Many believed the opal brought immense good fortune to the wearer as the stone possessed the virtues of each gemstone whose color was captured by the Opal’s spectrum of colors. As a result, the stone was considered lucky and is also associated with purity, innocence, hope and faith.

Opal is also said to posses healing properties and is believed to hold the remedy for enhancing one’s creativity, calming nerves and strengthening memory. The tourmaline on the other hand is believed to have more psychological effects than physical.

The gemstone is said to help the wearer retain calm under the most stressful situations, enhance creativity and control negative emotions.

Famous Personalities Born in OCTOBER:

  • Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi. Oct 02. 1869.
  • Actor & Bollywood legend:  Amitabh Bachchan. Oct 11. 1942.
  • Actor Parineeti Chopra. Oct 22. 1988.
  • Actor Asin Thottumkal. Oct 26. 1985.
  • Former President of India Abdul Kalam. Oct 15. 1931.
  • Actor Sunny Deol. Oct 19. 1956.
  • Actor Rekha Ganesan. Oct 10. 1954.
  • Actor Freida Pinto. Oct 18. 1984.

(Disclaimer: The information provided here is purely for entertainment and reference purposes only.)